In a letter to General Banks, Lincoln gave the introductory elements of reconstruction in the military affairs of Louisiana. Also, see letter to Banks on 11/5/1863 FT 182-3
8/5/1863 …I very well know what I would like Louisiana to do…I would be glad for her to make a new constitution recognizing the Emancipation Proclamation, and adopting emancipation in those parts of the state to which the proclamation does not apply. And while she is at it, I think it would not be objectionable for her to adopt some practical system by which the two races could gradually live themselves out of their old relation to each other, and both come out better prepared for the new. Education for young blacks should be included in the plan.
For my own part I think I shall not, in any event, retract the Emancipation Proclamation; nor, as executive, ever return to slavery any person who is free by the terms of that proclamation, or by any of the acts of Congress. LL 567-8
In his Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction, Lincoln set the tone for pardon and reconciliation. He also banned slavery in returning States and urged compassion for the plight of former slaves, now freemen.
12/8/1863 …I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, do proclaim, declare, and make known to all persons who have, directly or by implication, participated in the existing rebellion, except as hereinafter excepted, that a full pardon is hereby granted to them and each of them, with the restoration of all rights of property, except as to slaves…
…that I [the one to be pardoned] will…abide by and faithfully support all proclamations of the President made during the existing rebellion having reference to slaves…
…I do further proclaim, declare, and make known that any provision which may be adopted by such State government in relation to freed people of such State, which shall recognize and declare their permanent freedom, provide for their education, and which may yet be consistent, as a temporary arrangement, with their present condition as a laboring, landless, and homeless class, will not be objected to by the national Executive... FT 189-92